Arthur Conan Doyle
Arthur Conan Doyle was born and educated in Edinburgh. From 1882 to 1890 he practised medicine in Southsea, England. A Study in Scarlet, the first of about 60 stories featuring Sherlock Holmes, appeared in 1887. The character of Holmes, particularly his deductive reasoning ability, was based on one of Conan Doyle’s own university professors. The other featured characters are also brilliant creations: his friend Dr. Watson, the good-natured narrator of the stories, and the master criminal Professor Moriarty. Conan Doyle was so successful in his literary career he abandoned his medical practice to devote his entire time to writing.
Some of the best-known works featuring Sherlock Holmes include the novel The Hound of the Baskervilles (1902) and three short story collections, The Sign of Four (1890), The Adventures of Sherlock Holmes (1892), and His Last Bow (1917). These made Conan Doyle internationally famous and popularised the detective-story genre. The character of Holmes developed a large following, a cult-like devotion that still flourishes in international fan clubs. Conan Doyle was also renowned for his literary versatility, and published historical romances such as Micah Clarke (1888), The White Company (1890), Rodney Stone (1896), and Sir Nigel (1906), as well as a play, A Story of Waterloo (1894).
Conan Doyle Statue
After serving in the Boer War, Conan Doyle wrote two non-fiction books; The Great Boer War (1900) and The War in South Africa: Its Causes and Conduct (1902), attempting to justify England’s participation in the fighting. He was knighted as a result of these works. During World War I he wrote History of the British Campaign in France and Flanders (6 volumes, 1916-1920) as a tribute to British bravery. He died on July 8th 1930 and is buried at the rose garden in Windlesham.